Archive for the 'Croatia' Category
We had an appointment with a doctor at Praenatal as mentioned last month. My wife’s gynecologist sent us there to find out more about a possibly inherited heart defect I had as a child as well. (Absolutely not) Funnily enough, today the first thing the doctor told us was that at the current stage of the pregnancy, there’s no way to tell whether there’s this defect or not. Looks like the gynecologist sent us to the examination all for nothing. Nevertheless, he examined the baby throughly, we could see lots of details on a big screen. After ten minutes of concentration and focusing on the screen, the doctor chose to change the perspective to a view directly at the baby’s genitals and seriously asked us whether we want to know the gender: It was all there and obvious to see on the screen – nothing at all left to unveil. Perhaps he thought we would want to know anyway. I don’t know, the situation was almost comical, because he was absolutely serious when he asked us.
We had to interrupt the examination twice though, the baby chose a position which made it impossible to check if everything is alright with the head, so altogether we were there for over two and a half hours. Oh, by the way, it’s a boy. And his nose is definitively Croatian, too.
Draxblog reported in detail about the outcome of the election in Croatia, here, here, here , here, here and here (wow). All in all, the HDZ lost much influence throughout the country, with barely more than a third of the people going to the ballots at all. In Knin, the turnout resulted in a day of revelation for Sanaders HDZ. The Serbian minority, represented by the SDSS, won 8 out of 17 seats, but instead of forming a coalition with them, Sanader’s HDZ chose right wing parties, which in the end might disrupt Croatia’s path into the European Union. The issue with General Gotovina, low public participation in politics, anti-EU right-wing parties gaining ground… difficult times for Croatia indeed.
Two years ago, the campaigns for the upcoming election in Croatia were late, if at all existent. Since the exact date for the election was announced only one and a half months in advance, some parties started campaining hesitatingly and some didn’t do anything at all, it was quite bizarre. The parties don’t seem to have changed their modus operandi as Dragan Antulov reports in his Draxblog. The democracy fatigue was worse than in Germany two years ago, unfortunately, there’s still a lack of interest in politics.
Yesterday, two men who helped renegade General Gotovina on the run by supplying him with fake passports were arrested.
Albania, Bosnia, Croatia, Macedonia, and Serbia and Montenegro have been promised that they can join the European Union once they are ready, (but as with Turkey) there’s no timetable for accession. From all those countries, only Croatia is economically and otherwise fit for it, but there’s one big obstacle: The European Union requires Croatia to hand out war criminals to the International Criminal Tribunal, and in the last two years over a dozen wanted were turned in or surrendered voluntarily to the ICTY in The Hague. General Gotovina is accused for crimes against humanity in the Krajina region under his command during the war. For the Croats, he is a hero. When I visited Croatia two years ago, I saw posters and leaflets all over the country, pledging loyalty to the general. At the main road from the southeast to Zadar, there’s a huge poster a few kilometers outside the city, labelled “Zadar county – General Gotovina, we stand with you!”. Too bad I didn’ take a picture of it back then. When I worked in 2003 for the Konrad Adenauer Foundation, I met a lot of Croatians who thought that even if it were true that war crimes were overlooked or even permitted under Gotovina’s command, sending him to The Hague would be absolutely unacceptable. The reasoning is usually founded on the wide spread perception of the war that Croatia fought for its freedom and indepence from the Serbs. Since the enemy violated the Geneva conventions, indicting people who put their life on the line for Croatia’s freedom is out of the question. The leader of HNS (Croatian People’s Party), Vesna Pusi?, has been quoted that the former government hesitated to surrender Gotovina in fear of an uprising in the country – this view has been rejected by the current Prime Minister Ivo Sanader who blames his political opponents for incompetency in regards to apprehend the general. I don’t know what will happen if the government catches and sends him to The Hague, but I’m certain the people won’t like it.
For the European Union, asking to fully cooperate with the ICTY is easy, but just under ten years after Operation Storm they can’t expect Croatians to deal with their history as they should. Such things take their time, Germany needed a rise from the ruins of World War 2 and the student movement in the 60ies to start dealing honestly with its Fascist past. How long it will Croatia to cool off the current nationalism nobody knows, but it will take longer than a decade. The last decade under Franjo Tu?man’s authoritarian rule certainly didn’t help.